THE KIP BOARDING HOUSE — Sponsored by Shaftesbury
Location: Nos.5-11 Shorts Gardens, formerly No.20 Queen Street;
The long-lasting lodging house called Tom Farmer's was better known as 'The Kip'. Here, until the end of the 19th century, residents slept 'on the rope' (sitting down leaning on a rope which was untied at dawn). Troublesome customers were thrown out and tied to a barrow to await a policeman to wheel them to nearby Bow Street police station. It remained a lodging house until the 1920s.
Sources:census records; The Times